Capsicum is a genus of plants that includes several species of which the fruits are used as vegetables or spices. Some of these are hot peppers, while others are sweet peppers or bell peppers.Read More
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The species Capsicum annuum includes bell peppers (wich are not hot) and hot or vey hot chili peppers.
Bell peppers are found worldwide in areas with tropical or warm climate. The fruits can be eaten raw (e.g. in salads) or cooked (e.g. in stir-fried dishes).Read More
The pods of the Vanilla orchid are used to produce “vanilla”, a flavoring which can be used in ice cream, cookies and cakes.
This orchid originates from Central America. It can be grown in hot and wet tropical climates.Read More
Star anise and anise have a similar flavor, but they are two very different and unrelated crops. Fruits of the star anise have of course a star shape.Read More
Cloves are dried flower buds of a tree which originates from the Maluku islands in Indonesia. They are used all over the world, for example in beef stew.
Cloves are often mixed with other spices (e.g. cinnamon, allspice). Clove oil is used to relieve toothache.
The nutmeg tree is cultivated for its fruits which are used for two different spices: nutmeg and mace. Nutmeg is the seed of the tree, while mace is the reddish aril, a lace-like covering of the seed.Read More
The dried stigmas of the flowers of the Saffron crocus are used as a spice and as a coloring agent in food, especially in Indian, Persian and European dishes. It is probably the most expensive spice in the world (by weight).Read More
Names Scientific Sinapis albaEnglish White mustardDutch Witte mosterdSpanish Mostaza blancaFrench Moutarde blanche Sanve SénevéGerman Weißer SenfItalian Senape gialla Taxonomy Genus SinapisFamily BrassicaceaeOrder Brassicales Crop categories Spices Medicinal plants Temperate cropsRead More
Turmeric is usually used as a root powder. Turmeric powder is used as a spice in a lot in South Asian recipes.
Turmeric is sometimes used as a repellent to deter ants.Read More
Parsley leaves are used as herbs. Especially the type with curly leaves is often used as garnish.
Within this species are several quite different varieties. There are two types of parsley grown for their leaves which are either flat or curly leaves. Another type of parsley is grown for its roots.Read More
Names Scientific Origanum vulgareEnglish OreganoDutch Oregano Wilde marjoleinSpanish OréganoFrench OriganGerman OreganoItalian Origano Taxonomy Genus OriganumFamily LamiaceaeOrder Lamiales Crop categories Herbs Spices Medicinal plants Temperate cropsRead More
The roots of liquorice contain a compound (glycyrrhizin) which is 30 to 50 times sweeter than sugar.Read More
Leaves of the kaffir lime are used fresh or dried as a herb or spice. The juice is very acidic.Read More
The tuber of ginger is used as a spice or sometimes for its medicinal properties.Read More
Garlic probably originates from central and southwestern Asia. It is now found in most countries and climates, with highest production in China and India. It is a plant in the onions family and is close related to the onion, shallot, leek and chive. Garlic is usually used as a condiment in food, in combination with other vegetables or meats.Read More
Names Scientific Foeniculum vulgareEnglish FennelDutch VenkelSpanish HinojoFrench FenouilGerman FenchelItalian Finocchio Taxonomy Genus FoeniculumFamily ApiaceaeOrder Apiales Crop categories Herbs Spices Medicinal plants Temperate cropsRead More
Coriander leaves are used fresh as a herb in many Asian dishes. The dry fruits of coriander (coriander seeds) are a spice often used in Indian dishes. but they can also be eaten as a snack. Coriander roots are sometimes used in Thai food.Read More
Juniper berries are usually dried and used to flavour meats and sauces, and also to flavour gin.Read More