Chia originates from central and southern Mexico and Guatemala. It is grown for its seeds, which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. In the past it was probably used as a staple food in the region where it was cultivated.
Basic information and facts
Southern Mexico and Guatemala
Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Bolivia, Argentina, Ecuador, USA, etc.
Annual, biennial, or perennial:
Chia is an annual herb.
Chia has purple or white flowers which grow in clusters in a spike at the end of the stems.
Opposite leaves of 4–8 cm length and 3–5 cm width.
Chia seeds are small with an oval shape and a diameter of about 1 mm. The seeds are mottle-colored, with brown, gray, black and white.
Climate and weather:
Tropical and sub-tropical.
A herb of up to 1.75 m tall.
About 75 cm.
Grown from seeds.
No major pests.
No major diseases
Seeds are edible and are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Seeds are also used to make decorations, for example by growing them on a small sculpture and then watering them so that the seeds sprout, which gives the sculpture an interesting living surface.