The species Capsicum annuum contains many different varieties including the bell peppers (which are not hot) and many type of hot or vey hot chili peppers. These ‘peppers’ should not be confused with the black pepper, which is a different species (Piper nigrum).
Bell peppers are found worldwide in areas with tropical or warm climate. In temperate climates they can be grown in (heated) greenhouses.
Bell pepper fruits can be eaten raw (e.g. in salads) or cooked (e.g. in stir-fried dishes).
Cow horn pepper
Hot chili pepper
Basic information and facts
Bell peppers are found worldwide in areas with suitable (tropical or warm) climate.
Annual, biennial, or perennial:
Bell peppers are grown as an annual plant.
Flowers develop about 3 months after planting. Flowers are white.
Depending on the cultivar, ripe bell pepper fruits can be red, yellow, orange, purple or green.
Climate and weather:
Requires a warm (tropical) climate. Cannot tolerate frost. Bell peppers like hot and dry weather for fruit ripening.
Pollination by bees.
Prefers a well-drained, sandy or silt-loam soil.
Direct seeding or transplanting.
Various aphids, Thrips, Fruit fly, American bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera)
Phytophthora blight, Bacterial spot, Bacterial wilt, Various virus diseases.
Fruits are first green, when ripening they turn yellow, orange or red.
Fruits are picked by hand when green or ripe.
Bell peppers can be eaten raw, for example in salads, or cooked, for example in stir-fried dishes.
Did you know that?
Bell peppers are very rich in vitamin C. Red and yellow bell peppers have more vitamin C than green ones.
A perfect sweet pepper recipe is: Roasted sweet pepper rolls in tomato sauce