A cultivar is a cultivated variety of a plant. The term “cultivar” is used instead of the term “variety” if the variety is the result of human action (e.g. breeding for certain characteristics such as color, taste or disease resistance). The term “variety” should be used if the type of plant is the result of accidental crossing.
An example of a cultivar is the Dwarf Cavendish Banana (also known as Cavendish Banana). This is currently one of the most commonly planted banana cultivars in the world.