Guava has its origin in Central America and Southern Mexico. Currently, Guava can be found in most tropical and subtropical areas of the world.
Guava is a tropical shrub or tree of the genus Psidium, with white flowers and edible sweet fruits that usually have reddish or pinkish flesh. Ripe fruits of guava are eaten fresh or can be stewed for use in pies. Guavas are also used to make jam, juice or jelly.
Basic information and facts
Central America, Southern Mexico.
Grown in many tropical and subtropical areas.
Evergreen or deciduous:
White flowers with 5 petals.
The opposite leaves are elliptic to ovate, and 5-15 cm long. Leaves are green, or reddish brown in some varieties.
Round or pear-shaped fruits, usually 5-10 cm in diameter. The fruit has a thin peel, usually pale green or yellow when mature. Some varieties have pink or reddish fruits. The flesh is rather hard (like an apple) and usually white or pinkish in color. The fruit contains many small hard seeds and has a strong, very characteristic sweet taste. Some varieties are seedless. Fruits have a high vitamin C content
Climate and weather:
Guava can grow in both humid and dry tropical or subtropical climates. Cannot tolerate frost.
Both self pollination and cross pollination. Pollination is usually by honeybees (Apis mellifera).
Up to 10 meter.
Type of soil:
Any soil. Guava trees can tolerate temporary waterlogging.
Fast growing. Fruiting at 2-4 years after planting the seed.
Spacing (close range)
Spacing (wide range)
Can be grown from seeds, but this results in a lot of variability. Vegetative propagation is recommended for clones (budding, grafting, marcotting, root cuttings).
Many insect species attach guava, including mites, caterpillars, scales, and thrips. Fruits are sometimes protected by bagging.
Harvest by hand.
Ripe fruits are eaten fresh. Fruits can be stewed for use in pies and are also used to make jam or juice or jelly. Guava leaves are sometimes used medicinally for diarrhea. Leaves can be used for dying and tanning.
Proverbs and Quotes
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Did you know that?
- Guava has many health benefits, which include treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, cough, cold, skin care, high blood pressure, weight loss and scurvy
Three fruits tropical salad
1 Guava, 1 Orange, 1 Banana, 1 Tablespoon lemon juice, 1 Tablespoon honey
Peel the 3 fruits and cut them in small cubes. In a bowl poor the lemon juice over the fruits and mix gently. Refrigerate. Just before serving poor the honey over the salad.
30 grams over ripe guava, 200 ml boiled water, 15 grams syrup, 2 grams salt (or 2/5 teaspoon).
Instructions to make the juice:
Clean and cut the guava into small pieces.Blend guava in a small blender and add some boiled water then pour through a sieve. Add salt and syrup in the juice as you like.