Irises are flowering plants in the genus Iris which includes many wild and cultivated species. The flowers are gold-yellow, yellow, white, blue, or purple, but cultivated varieties can have different colors (pink, orange, etc.).
Irises are perennial plants. They grow from rhizomes or bulbs.
Cultivated irises are used as ornamental plants in gardens or as cut flowers.
Basic information and facts
Irises are widely distributed in temperate regions (north).
Annual, biennial, or perennial:
Irises are perennial plants.
Irises have usually one or more symmetrical six-lobed flowers. The colors can be gold-yellow, yellow, white, blue, or purple, but cultivated varieties can have different colors such as pink and orange.
Climate and weather:
Irises are found in the northern hemisphere in temperate climates.
Pollinated by insects.
Vegetative propagation from bulbs or rhizomes, but can also be grown from seeds.
Cultivated irises are grown as ornamental plants in gardens or to be sold as cut flowers.
Did you know that?
- The name iris comes from the Greek word for a rainbow.
- The Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh painted several painting with irises.