Jerusalem artichoke is related to the sunflower. It originates from eastern North America and is grown in temperate climates for its tubers which are used as a root vegetable.
The name is a bit confusing as the plant is not related to the artichoke.
Papa de Jerusalén
Patata de Judea
Artichaut de Jérusalem
Basic information and facts
Eastern North America
Annual, biennial, or perennial:
It is a herbaceous perennial plant.
The yellow flowers are produced in flowerheads with a diameter of 5–10 cm. They bear 10–20 ray florets.
The rough leaves have a hairy texture. On the lower stem the leaves are larger (up to 30 cm long), but higher on the stem the leaves are smaller and narrower.
Tubers are elongated and uneven, usually about 7.5–10 cm long and 3–5 cm thick. The color of the tubers vary from pale brown to white, red, or purple. When raw they have a crisp texture. They have a sweet taste because they contain fructose.
Climate and weather:
Jerusalem artichoke can be 1.5 to 3 meters tall.
Planting the tubers
Manual dgging for the tubers.
Tubers are used as a root vegetable and can be eaten raw or cooked. They are sometimes used as a substitute for potatoes.
Tubers can be used to produce a spirit: Jerusalem artichoke brandy.
Proverbs and Quotes
- “…in my judgement, which way soever they be drest and eaten they stir up and cause a filthie loathsome stinking winde with the bodie, thereby causing the belly to bee much pained and tormented…. more fit for swine, than men.”
(by John Goodyer, 1621)
Did you know that?
- If at harvest small pieces of tuber are left in the soil they will easily grow and the plant becomes a potential weed for the next crop.