Oranges originate from south-east Asia but can now be found in most tropical and sub-tropical climates around the world. They belong to the Citrus family. Probably oranges were created long ago as a hybrid between two other Citrus fruits: pomelo and tangerine.
Oranges are eaten fresh or they are used to produce orange juice. Like other citrus fruits, they are rich in vitamins.
Citrus aurantium L. var. dulcis
Basic information and facts
The origin is in south-eastern Asia.
Most tropical and subtropical countries. Main areas of production are Brazil,United States and Mexico, some mediterranean countries (Spain, Italy, Egypt), India and China.
Many varieties exist today, for example: Blood orange, Navel orange and Valencia orange. Each variety has different appearance and taste.
Evergreen or deciduous:
White flowers with a sweet smell.
Leaves have an elliptic to ovate shape. When crushed they give an aromatic smell. The petioles of the leaves usually have small wings.
The pulp has different colors, yellow, orange or red, depending on the variety. The pulp consists of many membranous juice sacs which are enclosed in a number of wedge-shaped compartments.
Climate and weather:
It’s a subtropical plant and can be grown in warm tropical and subtropical areas. In cooler climates they are sometimes grown in greenhouses. They do not tolerate freezing.
Trees are usually up to 10 meters tall, sometimes up to 15 meters.
Spacing (close range)
4.5 x 3 meter
Spacing (wide range)
75 x 7.5 meter
Usually propagated by budding.
Trees produced from seed may not produce fruits. If they do produce fruits they are often not the same as the fruits from the parent.
Mites, scale insects, mealybugs, aphids, and fruit flies.
Several diseases are known in orange including Cercospora and Xanthomonas. Diseases depend on the area and climate where the oranges are grown
Fruit development depends a lot on climatic conditions. In some areas fruits do not develop the appealing orange color even though the the juice could be of high quality.
Usually harvested by hand, by pulling or clipping the fruits.
Usually eaten fresh, for example as a dessert fruit. Also often used to produce orange juice.
Proverbs and Quotes
- An orange never bears a lime.
- Half an orange tastes as sweet as a whole one.
- A jazz musician is a juggler who uses harmonies instead of oranges.
- California is a fine place to live – if you happen to be an
orange. (Fred Allen)
- Spending money is like sucking oranges but earning money is sitting on the thorns. (Best Osemwegie)
Did you know that?
- Orange is a color, but sometimes the fruits are yellow or green.
- The Dutch royal family is called “House of Orange”.
1) 3 oranges
2) 1/5 teaspoon salt
Clean the fruits, cut them in half and squeeze them.
Add salt and stir well.
Serve as a cool drink (from fridge).
The juice contains a lot of vitamin A, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin C.