Radish is a root vegetable in the cabbage family. It has its origin in Europe, but is now grown all over the world. There are many different varieties, which differ in shape length, color and size.
Raphanus sativus subsp. sativus
Basic information and facts
Radish originates from Europe.
Radish in grown all over the world in a wide range of climates.
Annual, biennial, or perennial:
Annual or biennial.
There is a lot of variation in shape size and color. For example the re are red, pink, white, gray-black or yellow radishes. The root is often round but some varieties have elongated roots.
Climate and weather:
Radish grows in a wide range of climates. In temperate regions it is grown in summer while in warmer climates it is grown during the cooler season.
Spacing depends on the variety. Small globular varieties are grown close together (2 to 3 cm between plants in rows 25 cm apart) but bigger varieties need much more space (up to 15 cm between plants in rows 40 cm apart).
Radishes are grown from seed. Often use two seeds per hill and after germination thin out to one plant.
Type of soil:
Radish will grow in most soil types but prefers sandy loams. It does not do weel in soils that form a hard crust.
Insect pests and diseases:
Radishes grow very quickly so they usually remain free of pests and diseases. Sometimes Flea beetle or Cabbage root fly can cause problems.
Uproot by pulling.
The “bulb” of the radish is eaten raw or in salads, or can be steamed. Leaves can be eaten as a leaf vegetable for example in soups.