The categorie “alcoholic drinks” includes crops that are used to produce beer, wine and other alcoholic beverages. Examples of crops used to produce alcoholic drinks are grapes, barley and sugarcane. For crops that are used to produce commercial alcohol (ethanol) see category ‘alcohol production‘. Examples of crops for alcohol drinks
The category “Leaf vegetables” includes plants of which the leaves are used as food. Well known leaf vegetables are lettuce and spinach. Some leaf vegetables (e.g. lettuce) are consumed raw, while others are cooked. Most common leaf vegetables come from short-lived herbaceous plants (e.g. lettuce), but also many trees and woody plants have edible leaves.
The “Vegetables” category in the World Crops Database includes edible plants that are grown as a food crop for their leaves, stems, roots, tubers, bulbs, corms, pods or flowers, but plants that are only grown for their sweet fruit or for seeds or grains are not included. Also plants that are consumed in smaller quantities,
The term “Fruit” usually refers to a structure of a plant containing the seeds. In the World Crops Database, the “Fruits” category refers only to fruits that are fleshy and are usually eaten raw (such as bananas, apples and mangoes). The category does not include vegetable fruits (e.g. beans, peas) or cereals.
The category “herbs” includes crops that are not cultivated for the food value but for their flavor, scent or medicinal qualities. Herbs are plants of which the leafy green parts are used in cooking, to make herbal teas, as natural medicines, and in some cases for spiritual purposes. Examples of herbs are oregano and mint.
The category “spices” includes plants that are not grown for their food value but rather are used in small amounts as a food additive to add flavor or color. Some spices are used as food preservatives. While “herbs” are green plant parts, “spices” are dried seeds, fruits, root or bark. Examples of spices are ginger,
The category “timber” includes trees that are grown to produce wood that is used for furniture or building materials. The North American word for timber is “lumber”. Timber is available in many species; often hardwoods are used, but timber is also available in softwoods, such as white pine and red pine. Examples of timber trees
The categorie “alcohol production” is for crops that are used to produce pure alcohol (ethanol or bio-ethanol). This alcohol can be used in fuels or for industrial purposes. Examples of crops used for commercial alcohol production are barley, wheat and potato. There is a separate category of crops that are used for producing alcoholic drinks.
The category “temperate crops” refers to crops that grow in the cooler climates in the world. However, some temperate crops are also found cooler regions in the tropics, for example in mountain areas. The temperate zones are located between latitude 35° and latitude 66.5° north and south of the equator. Latitude 66.5° are the polar
The category “subtropical crops” refers to plants that generally grow in areas with a subtropical climate. The database currently classifies agricultural crops in 3 categories (tropical, subtropical, temperate), but many crops belong to more than one of these categories. The subtropics are located roughly between the tropics and the temperate zone, which corresponds with the
The category “tropical crops” refers to plants that grow in tropical climates. The database currently classifies agricultural crops in 3 categories (tropical, subtropical, temperate), but several crops belong to more than one of these categories. The tropics are located between latitude 23.5° north and south of the Equator. These latitudes are called the Tropic of
Main food crops are those that form a major part of the daily diet in relatively large quantities as a source of energy (e.g. cereals and some tubers), proteins (e.g. beans), vitamins (e.g. vegetables and fruits) and minerals. The category “food crops” includes cereals, fruits, vegetables , pseudocereals, and a few others such as sugarcane
The category “industrial crops” in the World Crops Database contains plants that are grown to be processed in factories for non-food purposes. Plants can be processed for their fibers to make clothing, special chemicals to make plastic, ink or perfumer, or oils for industrial use. Examples of industrial crops are rubber, cotton, potato and lavender.
The category “staple food” in the World Crops Database includes food crops that are the main food eaten and the main source of energy in the diet. Different countries often have different staple foods. Some of the crops included in this category used to be staple foods in the past but have now lost their
The category “ornamental plants” includes a wide range of plants that are used in parks and gardens. Examples of ornamental plants are flowers such as tulips and crocus, but also beautiful trees such as the breadfruit tree. Examples of ornamental plants
The category “cut flowers” are plants grown for their flowers, which are usually used for indoor decoration. Examples of cut flowers are roses, tulips and daffodils. If you like to read more about flowers, have a look at these proverbs and quotes about flowers. Examples of cut flowers
The category “botanical pesticides” includes agricultural crops that contain substances that can be used in pest control. For example pyrethrum contains a natural insecticide. Also the neem tree is often used to prepare botanical insecticides. Examples of botanical pesticides
The category “green manures” includes plants that are grown as natural fertilizers. Often these belong to the family Fabaceae (for example clover) because they contain high levels of nitrogen. Examples of green manures are clover, alfalfa and lupins. Examples of green manures
The category “essential oils” contains crops that are grown for their natural oils. These oils give the plant its characteristic odors and can be extracted and used for making perfumes or flavorings. Examples are cloves, peppermint and several types of flowers, such as roses and freesias. Examples of essential oils
The category “vegetable oils” includes crops which are grown to extract oils that are used in cooking, for fuel, for cosmetics, for medical purposes, or for industrial purposes. Example of oil crops are corn, olive, soybean and sunflower. Examples of vegetable oils
The category ‘nuts’ includes all crops that produce hard-shelled fruits which are called nuts. It includes not only true nuts according to the biological definition of a nut, such as hazelnut and chestnut, but any hard shelled fruits that contain an oily kernel used as food (e.g. groundnut). Examples of nuts
The category “medicinal plants” includes plants which are used as botanical medicines (herbal medicines). Many different plants are known to have healing properties. Examples of medicinal plants are Aloe vera, which is used to treat wounds, and Centella. Examples of medicinal plants
The category “corm vegetables” category includes plants of which the corms are used as food. A corm is a short underground swollen plant stem used as a storage organ of the plant. Examples of corm vegetables are Taro and Chinese water chestnut. Examples of corm vegetables
The category “Podded vegetables” includes legumes of which the fruit (a pod) is used as food. It includes two type of podded vegetables; those that are shelled before eating (e.g. garden peas), and those that are cooked and eaten whole (e.g. yard-long beans). Some plants that are not legumes produce pod-like fruits and are also
The category “tuber vegetables” includes plants of which the tubers are used as food. Tubers are modified plant structures (usually roots or stems) that are enlarged to store nutrients. Examples of tuber vegetables are: potato and cassava. Examples of tuber vegetables
The category “fruit vegetables” includes plants of which the fruits are used as food, but it does not include plants with sweet or fleshy fruits that are eaten raw. It also does not include plants that are grown for their grains. Examples of common fruit vegetables are tomato and cucumber. Examples of fruit vegetables