Okinawan spinach is native to China, Thailand and Myanmar. It is cultivated as a vegetable or as a medicinal herb.
Sweetleaf or Stevia is a plant originating from South America. It is known for its sweet leaves, which are used to make sweeteners, which are also known as “stevia”.
In Brazil and Paraguay the leaves have been in use for hundreds of years, not only as sweetener but also as a traditional medicine.
Often considered a weed, the common dandelian can also be used as a medical herb and as food. Dandelion leaves can be collected from the wild but are also sometimes grown to be used as a leaf vegetable. Young leaves and unopened buds are used raw in salads. Older leaves are cooked.
Common rue can be grown as a deterrent for cats and is also used as an insect repellent. It is a herb with a bitter taste. In Ethiopia leaves of common rue are dipped in coffee to give the coffee an additional flavor. Also used as a medicinal plant to improve appetite and digestion.
Feverfew is a herb which is sometimes used as a herbal medicine for example to prevent headaches, migraines, and to reduce fever.
The pretty flowers look a bit like daisies and are therefore sometimes planted in gardens as an ornamental plant. Leaves smell a bit like citrus.
The species Capsicum annuum includes bell peppers (wich are not hot) and hot or vey hot chili peppers.
Bell peppers are found worldwide in areas with tropical or warm climate. The fruits can be eaten raw (e.g. in salads) or cooked (e.g. in stir-fried dishes).
Pennyroyal is a perennial herb. It is cultivated only in small quantities and sometimes grown in gardens. The leaves have a strong smell which resembles that of spearmint.
The plant is sometimes used as a cooking herb. In small quantities, teas of Pennyroyal are used for medicinal purposes. Essential oil extracted from the plant (Pennyroyal oil) is very poisonous.
Culantro is sometimes confused with Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) because the names are alike and also the taste is a bit similar, but culantro has a stronger taste.
It is used as a herb in Caribbean and Southeast Asian dishes, usually fresh, but sometimes as a dried herb. Culantro is also used as a medicinal plant to treat all kind of problems including stomachache, fevers, asthma, snake bites, worms and diarrhea.
Leaves of the Wild betel (Piper sarmentosum) are similar to Betel leaves (Piper betle) but the taste is less intense. The Wild betel leaves are used in Thailand in a dish called Miang kham, where the leaves are used to wrap several ingredients together and are then eaten as a snack or starter.
Names Scientific Nasturtium officinaleEnglish WatercressDutch Witte waterkersSpanish Berro Mastuerzo de aguaFrench Cresson de fontaineGerman Brunnenkresse Echte BrunnenkresseItalian Crescione d’acqua Taxonomy Genus NasturtiumFamily BrassicaceaeOrder Brassicales Crop categories Vegetables Leaf vegetables Herbs Medicinal plants Food crops Temperate crops Pictures
Names Scientific Valeriana officinalisEnglish Garden valerian ValerianDutch Echte valeriaan ValeriaanSpanish Valeriana común Valeriana medicinalFrench Valériane à petites feuilles Valériane des collines Valériane officinaleGerman Echter Arznei-Baldrian Echter Baldrian Hexenkraut KatzenkrautItalian Valeriana comune Taxonomy Genus ValerianaFamily ValerianaceaeOrder Dipsacales Crop categories Herbs Medicinal plants Temperate crops Pictures
Shiny-leaf Buckthorn is small tree or shrub that originates from Africa.
In Ethiopia this plant is called Gesho. It is used to produce a type of mead called Tej. The stems of gesho are boiled to prepare an extract that is similar to hops and gives the drink a bitter taste. It is also used to brew an Ethiopian beer called tella. The gesho tree also has edible shiny red fruits.
Parsley leaves are used as herbs. Especially the type with curly leaves is often used as garnish.
Within this species are several quite different varieties. There are two types of parsley grown for their leaves which are either flat or curly leaves. Another type of parsley is grown for its roots.
Names Scientific Lavandula spp.English LavenderDutch LavendelSpanish LavandulaFrench LavandeGerman LavendelItalian LavandaOther Lavanta Taxonomy Genus LavandulaFamily LamiaceaeOrder Lamiales Crop categories Herbs Medicinal plants Essential oils Subtropical crops Industrial crops Pictures
Names Scientific Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanumEnglish Flat leaf parsleyDutch BladpeterselieSpanish Perejil comúnFrench Persil de Naples Persil platGerman Glatte Petersilie Taxonomy Genus PetroselinumFamily ApiaceaeOrder Apiales Crop categories Leaf vegetables Herbs Subtropical crops Temperate crops Pictures