Caraway seeds

Caraway is a plant in the carrot family, which is cultivated for its small fruits. The dry fruits, which look like seeds, are used as a spice. The roots of the plant can be used as a root vegetable and the leaves can be used as a herb, similar to parsley.

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Gree cardamom

True cardamom or Green cardamom is a plant in the ginger family. The green seed pods of the plant are dried and the seeds are used as a spice, sometimes whole but often as a ground powder. Cardamom is commonly used in Indian and other Asian food.

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Cumin is a plant in the Apiaceae family, which makes it a relative of carrots and parsley.

Cumin seeds are used as a spice either whole or ground to a powder. It is used in the cuisines of various cultures.

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Thai long pepper

Thai long pepper is a vine in the pepper family (Piperaceae) and therefore related to black pepper (P. nigrum)and betel leaves (P. betle). It is native to South and Southeast Asia.

The fruits are used fresh or dried to give flavor to food. In Bangladesh the stems and roots are used as a spice which is cooked with mutton or in other meat and fish dishes.

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Wasabi is a Japanese plant in the cabbage family and is related to cabbage, horseradish and mustard. It is grown for its root which is used as a spice often used in Japanese cuisine.

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Grains of Paradise

Grains of Paradise is the name of a plant in the ginger family, which originate from West Africa. The ground seeds are used as a spice. It has a peppery flavor and was therefore in Europe used as a black pepper substitute during the 14th and 15th century.

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Black pepper

Black pepper

Black pepper is the most important and most widely used spice in the world. It should not be confused with other 'peppers' such as chili peppers and bell peppers, which belong to the genus Capsicum.

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Chinese cinnamon

Names Scientific   Cinnamomum cassiaSynonym   Cinnamomum aromaticumEnglish   Chinese cassia   Chinese cinnamonDutch   KaneelSpanish   CassiaFrench   Cannelier casse   Cannelier de Chine   Cannelle de Cochinchine   Casse   Cassia   Fausse cannelleGerman   Cassiazimt   ZimtkassieItalian   Cassia Taxonomy Genus   CinnamomumFamily   LauraceaeOrder   Laurales Crop categories Spices Tropical crops Pictures

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Vanilla orchid

The pods of the Vanilla orchid are used to produce “vanilla”, a flavoring which can be used in ice cream, cookies and cakes.

This orchid originates from Central America. It can be grown in hot and wet tropical climates.

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Cloves are dried flower buds of a tree which originates from the Maluku islands in Indonesia. They are used all over the world, for example in beef stew.
Cloves are often mixed with other spices (e.g. cinnamon, allspice). Clove oil is used to relieve toothache.

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Nutmeg and Mace

The nutmeg tree is cultivated for its fruits which are used for two different spices: nutmeg and mace. Nutmeg is the seed of the tree, while mace is the reddish aril, a lace-like covering of the seed.

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The dried stigmas of the flowers of the Saffron crocus are used as a spice and as a coloring agent in food, especially in Indian, Persian and European dishes. It is probably the most expensive spice in the world (by weight).

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White mustard

Names Scientific   Sinapis albaEnglish   White mustardDutch   Witte mosterdSpanish   Mostaza blancaFrench   Moutarde blanche   Sanve   SénevéGerman   Weißer SenfItalian   Senape gialla Taxonomy Genus   SinapisFamily   BrassicaceaeOrder   Brassicales Crop categories Spices Medicinal plants Temperate crops Pictures

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Turmeric is usually used as a root powder. Turmeric powder is used as a spice in a lot in South Asian recipes.

Turmeric is sometimes used as a repellent to deter ants.

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Parsley leaves are used as herbs. Especially the type with curly leaves is often used as garnish.

Within this species are several quite different varieties. There are two types of parsley grown for their leaves which are either flat or curly leaves. Another type of parsley is grown for its roots.

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Names Scientific   Origanum vulgareEnglish   OreganoDutch   Oregano   Wilde marjoleinSpanish   OréganoFrench   OriganGerman   OreganoItalian   Origano Taxonomy Genus   OriganumFamily   LamiaceaeOrder   Lamiales Crop categories Herbs Spices Medicinal plants Temperate crops Pictures

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Garlic probably originates from central and southwestern Asia. It is now found in most countries and climates, with highest production in China and India. It is a plant in the onions family and is close related to the onion, shallot, leek and chive. Garlic is usually used as a condiment in food, in combination with other vegetables or meats.

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Names Scientific   Foeniculum vulgareEnglish   FennelDutch   VenkelSpanish   HinojoFrench   FenouilGerman   FenchelItalian   Finocchio Taxonomy Genus   FoeniculumFamily   ApiaceaeOrder   Apiales Crop categories Herbs Spices Medicinal plants Temperate crops Pictures

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Coriander leaves are used fresh as a herb in many Asian dishes. The dry fruits of coriander (coriander seeds) are a spice often used in Indian dishes. but they can also be eaten as a snack. Coriander roots are sometimes used in Thai food.

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Chili peppers

Capsicum is a plant genus which includes several crop species (e.g. Capsicum annuum, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum pubescens, Capsicum baccatum). Some of these species include various quite different varieties.

Plants in the Capsicum genus produce fruits that are used as vegetables or as spices.

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Chili pepper Capsicum pubescens

Names Scientific   Capsicum pubescensEnglish   Locoto   Rocoto   Tree chiliSpanish   Chile de cera   Chile manzano   Chile perón   Locoto   RocotoFrench   Piment   Piment rocoto   RocotoGerman   Baumchili Taxonomy Genus   CapsicumFamily   SolanaceaeOrder   Solanales Crop categories Vegetables Fruit vegetables Herbs Spices Stimulants Food crops Tropical crops Subtropical crops Pictures

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Chili pepper Capsicum baccatum

Names Scientific   Capsicum baccatumEnglish   Ají   Bishop’s crown   Brazilian starfish   Lemon drop   Peppadew   Wild baccatumDutch   AjiSpanish   Ají amarillo   Ají escabecheFrench   Piment Taxonomy Genus   CapsicumFamily   SolanaceaeOrder   Solanales Crop categories Vegetables Fruit vegetables Herbs Spices Stimulants Food crops Tropical crops Subtropical crops Pictures

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The caper plant is grown for the edible flower buds, which are called capers. The caper bud can be salted and pickled and is then used as a spice for seasoning or as a garnish, often in Italian dishes.

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Black mustard

Black mustard is a plant in the cabbage family. it is usually grown for its seeds, which are used as a spice or to produce cooking oil. Names Scientific   Brassica nigraEnglish   Black mustardDutch   Zwarte mosterdSpanish   Ajenabe   Mostaza negraFrench   Moutarde noire   Sénevé noirGerman   Schwarzer SenfItalian   Senape nera Taxonomy Genus   BrassicaFamily   BrassicaceaeOrder   Brassicales Basic information and facts Origin: Probably originates from the Mediterranean region of Europe. Distribution: Common in

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Bay laurel

Laurel originates from the Mediterranean region.

Laurel is a spice that is common in many Mediterranean recipes. The fresh or dried leaves are used in meet stews, but are removed before eating the dish. Ground bay leaves are used in soups.

Bay laurel is used to make a laurel wreath, which in ancient Greece was used to award winners of athletic competitions, such as the ancient Olympics.

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