African teak


African teak - Photo by Fenrith
[CC BY 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

Iroko or African teak is a tree which grows in the African rain forest. The tree yields a strong and durable dark brown hardwood timber.

Names

Scientific
   Milicia excelsa
Synonym
   Chlorophora excelsa
English
   African teak
   Iroko
Dutch
   Iroko
French
   Iroko
Other
   Mvule

Taxonomy

Genus
   Milicia
Family
   Moraceae
Order
   Rosales

Basic information and facts

Origin:

Africa

Distribution:

Distributed across tropical central Africa.

Deciduous or evergreen:

African teak is a large deciduous tree.

Climate and weather:

Tropical rain forest and wet savanna.

Height:

The trees can be up to 50 meters high.

Propagation:

Grown from seed.

Uses:

The strong, dense and durable dark brown hardwood timber is resistant to termites. It can be used for construction, furniture, floors, boats, etc.
Trees can be planted to control erosion and for providing shade.
Other uses of the tree include herbal medicine; for example the powdered bark is used for coughs and heart problems. Also the leaves and the ashes have medicinal uses.

Did you know that?

In West Africa, African teak is considered to be a sacred tree. Its timber is used to make ceremonial drums and coffins.

Crop categories

Timber
Tropical crops

Pictures


African teak - Photo by Fenrith
[CC BY 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons


African teak - Photo by Salim_Khandoker
[CC BY-SA 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons


Iroko wood - Photo by Abarmot
[GFDL or CC BY 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

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