Dragon fruits have their origin in Mexico, Central and South America. But they are also grown in South-East Asia (Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Southern China) and in Israel.
Dragonfruits are usually eaten fresh. The fruits are peeled and the white or purple flesh, which has a mild sweet taste, is eaten. Dragonfruits can also be used to prepare juice or wine.
Dragon fruit (or pitaya) is the fruit of a cactus which blooms at night. Three species of dragonfruit share the same name, but have different fruits. Hylocereus undatus has fruits with white pulp and a pink-red skin.
Belle of the night
Night blooming cereus
Queen of the night
Flor de caliz
Reina de la noche
Fruit du dragon
Poire de chardon
Basic information and facts
Mexico, Central and South America
Mexico, Central and South America, South-East Asia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Southern China, Israel
Evergreen or deciduous:
The plant flowers only at night. The large white flowers are called “moonflower” or “queen of the night”.
It’s a vine-like plants in the cactus family. The cactus-like tree has no leaves.
The typical bright pink or red colored fruits weigh from 200 to 700
grams. They are 7-10 cm wide and 10-15 cm long. The flesh inside is white (but varieties with other colors exist) and contains many small black seeds. It has a mildly sweet taste. The fruit is supposed to have the color and shape of a dragon’s eye. Towards the end of the fruit are several soft scales with a greenish color.
Climate and weather:
Dry tropical climates. Requires moderate amounts of rain.
Self pollination. But pollination improves if bees or ants are present and by hand pollination.
The plant is often grown along cement poles of about 2 meter height with wooden crosspieces to support the vines.
Type of soil:
Dragon fruit grows in any soil but likes rich organic matter plus sand. It prefers well-drained soils.
Dragon fruit likes bright sunshine.
Spacing (close range)
Spacing (wide range)
Propagated by seed or by cutting.
Few pests: aphids, mealybugs
Stem rot (Xanthomonas campestris), Collar rot (Phytopthora sp.), Root rots (Fusarium sp., Alternara sp.)
Fruits are produce throughout the year.
Hand pick the mature fruits.
Fruits are peeled and the white flesh is eaten fresh. Fruits can also be used to prepare juice or wine.
Dragonfruit shake / Pitaya shake
One dragonfruit, syrup, salt, and ice.
How to prepare it:
Cut the dragon fruit into small pieces. Put ice, dragonfruit, syrup and a little bit of salt into the blender. Blend it fine and then serve in a beautiful glass.